Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: Biography, Books, Quotes and Awards

Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam - The Missile Man of India

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Biography

"To be successful in your mission, you have to be unwavering loyalty to your goal."

Dr A. P.J. Abdul Kalam was India's 11th and first non-politician president. The country still remembers him because of the important and outstanding work done by him for the progress of the country of India, there is still a lot of respect in the heart of all the countrymen towards him. He was the most popular and popular president of the public.

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Dr.  A. P. J. Abdul Kalam : Biography, Books, Quotes and Awards

Along with this, he was also a famous Indian aerospace scientist, who gave a new direction to India by making a significant contribution to the field of technology and science. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Ji was such a great man of the country who first flew the 'Agni' missile in the country.

Hence he is also known as the Missile Man of India. Abdul Kalam Ji was an eminent scientist with visionary thinking, an influential orator with a great personality and an honest and skilled politician. He is an inspiration for everyone's life, he has touched immense heights of success in his life by going through the rigours of struggle.

His inspirational thoughts still inspire enthusiasm and passion to move forward among millions of youth. Let us know about some special things related to the life of this influential and great personality of India, Dr A. P. J Abdul Kalam Ji.

Missile man of India, Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam's Life Introduction

Full Name - Abul Pakir Jainulaabdin Abdul Kalam

Birthday - 15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, British India

Father's Name - Janulabdin

Mother Name - Ashima Jainulabdeen

Marital status - Unmarried

Educational Qualification - In 1954, graduation in Physics from St. Joseph's College, Affiliated with Madras University

Death - 27 July 2015, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Birth, Family and Early Life of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam

On October 15, 1931, in a fisherman's house in Dhunshkodi village of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born. His full name was Abdul Pakir Jainullabdin Abdul Kalam. He was the youngest child of Zainulabidin and Ashiamma.

Abdul Kalam's father used to take care of his family by renting a boat to fishermen. Abdul Kalam Ji had three elder brothers and 1 sister. Abdul Kalam Ji had to struggle a lot from the beginning as the house's financial condition was not good.

But he never bothered with these difficulties and kept moving forward with true determination and honesty and later he achieved immense success in his life.

APJ Abdul Kalam's Education

Being born in a very poor house, Abdul Kalam Ji had to face a lot of problems in his studies too. They used to pay their school fees with whatever money they earned by selling newspapers. Abdul Kalam Ji completed his early education at Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School.

After this, in the year 1950, he completed his graduation in Physics from St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli. Then he did a diploma in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) from 1954 to 1957.

In this way, he continued his studies under difficult conditions, and later the highest post in the country was elevated to the post of President and made his mark as India's most famous scientist.

Dr A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Ji as an Eminent Scientist

Abdul Kalam Ji, a man of amazing talent, started his career as a scientist in the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) after completing his studies. Always wanting to do something new and big, Kalam Ji left his influence on the people by designing a small helicopter at the beginning of his scientific career.

While working on it for a few days, he was also a member of the Indian Committee for Space Research. Then in the year 1962, he joined an important organization in India- the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Then from 1962 to 1982, he was associated with this research and held many important positions. After this Abdul Kalam Ji was appointed as the Director of the Satellite Launch Vehicle Project in India.

Abdul Kalam Ji, while holding the post of project director here, built his first indigenous satellite launch vehicle SLV-3 in India, which was set up near the Earth's orbit in the year 1980. After the success of Kalam Ji, he was made a member of the International Space Club of India.

After this, genius Kalam, designed the indigenous Guided Missile and made missiles like Agni and Prithvi using Indian technology and made a significant contribution to the field of science.

Subsequently, from 1992 to December 1999, Dr Abdul Kalam Azad Ji worked as the Defense Advisor to the Defense Minister of India. At the same time, Atal Vajpayeeji had a government at the centre. And at the same time for the second time under the supervision of APJ Abdul Kalam Ji, nuclear tests were conducted successfully in Pokhran, Rajasthan, and India became a nuclear weapon maker, a nuclear power-rich and prosperous country.

Abdul Kalam Ji, who served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, gave Vision 2020 for the development and progress in the field of science in India. In 1982, Dr Abdul Kalam Ji was made the Director (DRDL) of the Defense Resource Development Laboratory. During this time, he was also awarded his doctorate by Anna University.

This was the time when APJ Abdul Kalam formulated the proposal for Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) with Dr V S Arunachalam. Apart from this, a committee for the development of indigenous missiles was also formed under the chairmanship of Abdul Kalam. At the same time, the emphasis was on making limited and medium-range missiles. After this, the emphasis was on building earth-to-air antitank missiles and the Raintree Experiment Launch Vehicle (Rex).

Under the leadership of visionary Kalam JI, Prithvi in ​​1988, Trishul in 1985 and the 'Agni' missile in 1988 were tested. Apart from this, missiles named Akash, and Nag were also made under the chairmanship of Abdul Kalam.

In 1998, APJ Abdul Kalam Ji along with Russia started India to set up Brahmos Private Limited to work on making supersonic cruise missiles. Let us tell you that Brahmos is such a missile, which can be fired anywhere in the sky, earth and sea. In the same year, he collaborated with the heart physician Soma Raju to develop a cheap "coronary stent", which was named the Kalam-Raju stent.

After the significant contribution and successes made by Abdul Kalam Ji in the field of science, his name came to be considered among the most famous scientists in the world and his fame as 'missile man' spread to all four corners of the world. At the same time, he was also honoured with several big awards for his significant contribution to the field of science.

Abdul Kalam was the First Non-Politician President of the Country

Due to the remarkable contribution made by Abdul Kalam Ji, the famous scientist who gave flight to India's 'Agni' missile, and made a significant contribution in the field of science and Indian research and defence, by making India a nuclear power nation. It became famous that many political parties in the political world also got involved in cashing his name.

Because of the fame of APJ Abdul Kalam Ji, in 2002, the NDA coalition government put him up as a strong candidate for the presidential election, while the opposition accepted the presidential candidature of Abdul Kalam without any opposition. After this, in the Presidential election, Dr Kalam won by defeating his opponent Laxmi Sehgal with huge votes and then took the oath of office as the 11th President of the country in 2002.

With this, Kalam Ji became the first President of the country who had no connection with politics before becoming President, with this, he was the first scientist of the country who became adorned on this post, while taking command of the post of President. He widened the chest of all the scientists in the country.

Along with this, Abdul Kalam Ji was the third President to hold the post of President of the highest post in the country, who was conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour before taking up this post. Earlier, Dr Zakir Hussain and Dr Radhakrishnan had been conferred with this honour before becoming President.

At the same time, even after becoming President, he used to meet people at his level, and his doors were always open to the common people. At the same time, he used to reply to many letters in his own hands, so he was also called "President of the People" (People's President). According to Dr Abdul Kalam Ji, one of the most difficult decisions he took as President was to sign the bill of office of profit.

Not only this, Abdul Kalam Ji had to face a lot of criticism as a President for the inaction of the fate of the mercy petitions of 20 of the 21 people, including Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri terrorist convicted in the 2001 Parliament attacks.

The Journey after Leaving the Post of President - 

Abdul Kalam Azad, the famous scientist who has flown India's 'Agni' missile, remained equally devoted to his work with integrity and dedication, even after serving as its 11th President for 5 years. After resigning from the post of President, he worked with all his hard work and sincerity in tasks like teaching, research, writing, and public service.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Ji joined the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Indore, and Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad as a guest professor. Abdul Kalam Ji also taught Information Technology at IIT Hyderabad, Anna University and Banaras Hindu University (BHU).

Apart from this, Kalam Ji is a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Vice-Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram and a Professor in Aerospace Engineering College at Anna University, Chennai worked for the last moments of his life.

Abdul Kalam Ji was a man who always thought about the progress and development of the country, he also initiated the "What Can I Give" initiative to improve the future of the country's youth and create a corruption-free India.

With this, let us tell you that Kalam Ji, who aroused love and respect for himself in the heart of every citizen of the country, had a special affection for the students. Seeing this special attachment of Abdul Kalam Ji, the United Nations has also decided to celebrate his birthday as 'World Students' Day'.

Books Written by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam

Apart from being a great scientist, skilled politician and eminent teacher of India, Abdul Kalam Ji was also a great writer, Abdul Kalam Ji was fond of writing from the beginning. Dr Kalam has also incorporated his ideas into many literary books, some of which: are "Wings of Fire", "India 2020 - India 2020 A Vision for the New Millennium", and "Ignited Minds - Unleashing the Power Within India". These books have been translated into many Indian and foreign languages.

Wings Of Fire:

The 11th President of India is the autobiography of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. It is co-authored by Arun Tiwari. It describes in detail the life journey of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam from childhood to about 2000. This book, originally published in the English language, has been translated into 13 more languages ​​in the world so far. Some of the languages ​​in India include Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu, as well as Chinese, Korean, and Braille script.

India 2020:

A Vision for the New Millennium is a famous book written by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, former President of India. He wrote this book before his President's term. And he is the best book among his books.

Turning Points: A journey through challenges

India's 'Missile Man' is the best book by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam was the President of India from 2002 to 2007 and the book 'Turning Points' is the story of the challenges and experiences of these five years. This book gives full details of interesting episodes, memoirs, political issues, and plans to develop India by 2020.

More Books

  • Inspiring thoughts.
  • Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji.
  • Indomitable Spirit.
  • My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions.
  • Target 3 Billion.
  • Forge your Future.
  • You Are Born To Blossom.
  • A Manifesto for Change.
  • Mission India.
  • THE SCIENTIFIC INDIAN: A Twenty-First Century Guide to the World Around Us.
  • Children Ask Kalam.
  • Governance for Growth in India.

Abdul Kalam Ji's Honours and Achievements

He was honoured with several major awards including Padma Bhushan, and Padam Vibhushan, including the country's highest honour Bharat Ratna, for his significant contribution to technology and science and for the important work done by him to society.

With this, more than 35 universities of the world awarded him an honorary doctorate in his confession. The list of awards received by Abdul Kalam Ji is given below -

List of awards received by Abdul Kalam Ji:

1997 - Bharat Ratna, India's highest honour.

1990 - Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India

1981 - Padma Bhushan by the Government of India

2011 - IEEE Honorary Membership (Honorary Membership)

1997 - Indira Gandhi Award

1998 - Veer Savarkar Award

2000 - Alwar Research Center, Chennai awarded Ramanujan Award

2015 - United Nations recognized Kalam Ji's birth anniversary as "World Students Day".

The simple nature and inspiring personality of A P J Abdul Kalam Ji, known as the Missile Man of India, left an impact on every Indian through his inspiring and influential personality. A versatile man, Kalam Ji was a very gentle and simple man who used to complete every task with great intelligence and seriousness.

Kalam Ji faced tough struggles with hard courage and patience in difficult situations in his life to move forward. He continued to move forward with honesty and integrity and became an inspirational scientist by becoming a popular scientist and the first non-politician President of the country.

Kalam Ji's great idea and fierce speech power in the country enchanted everyone and enlivened the hearts of the nine soldiers to do something new. His visionary thinking can be gauged by the books written by him and his great ideas.

Kalam Ji said that -

"Dreams are not what you see when you are sleeping, but dreams are those that will not let you sleep"

Apart from this, there are many other precious ideas given by him that inspire the youth to move forward in their life And inspire us to achieve our goals.

Inspiring Thoughts of APJ Abdul Kalam Ji - 

"If you become FAIL in any of your endeavors, do not give up trying again at all because, FAIL means - First Attempt in Learning.

Do not think about resting after your first success, because if you fail in the second attempt, then everyone will tell you that the first success was by luck.

Creativity means thinking about the same thing differently.

If you also want you to shine like the sun, then burn like the sun before it.

We should never give up in our life and neither let ourselves defeat the problems.

It takes strength to reach the summit, whether it is the summit of Mount Everest or your profession.


Death of Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Ji

Abdul Kalam Ji, who made India a nuclear power nation, loved to spend his time with the students. As a teacher, he was always trying to calm the curiosity of the students.

On 25 July 2015, while Kalam Ji was giving a lecture during a function at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong (IIM, Shillong), then suddenly his health deteriorated, after which he was immediately admitted to the hospital in Shillong, But there was not an improvement in his health and during this time he breathed his last.

Millions of people gathered for the last visit of his favourite politician in Kalam Ji's funeral procession. Kalam Ji was cremated in his native village in Rameshwar. In this way, this great personality of India said goodbye to the world forever. However, all his memories are still alive in the heart of every Indian.

It is a matter of pride for India to have a great personality like Kalam Ji born in India. At the same time, Kalam Ji's struggling life and his great ideas inspire every person to move forward. A heartfelt tribute to this great scientist and former President of India, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, on behalf of the entire team of My Edu Waves.

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