History, interesting facts and story of Taj Mahal - My edu waves

History, interesting facts and story of Taj Mahal


History, interesting facts and story of Taj Mahal


Taj Mahal History & Mystery / If you want to identify true love then you can look at the Taj Mahal (TajMahal). This is such an amazing building that people still trust on seeing it. The Taj Mahal of Agra is considered a symbol of India's pride and love. Agra, the third major district of Uttar Pradesh, is historically very important. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. This amazing white marble monument is still seen by every human being in the world as it is called the temple of love. Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world.



Where is the Taj Mahal located ?


The Taj Mahal is located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River on the outskirts of Agra city in Uttar Pradesh. Taj Mahal is the most famous monument of Mughal rule. This white marble work is famous all over the world and is the main center of tourist attraction.

Agra being the most favored city of the Mughals, it made Agra its capital before Delhi. According to history, Ibrahim Lodi settled this city in 1504. At the time when this city was founded, no one would have imagined that this city would be waving the world for its beauty. Which is still considered among the seven wonders of the world.


History, interesting facts and story of Taj Mahal


Taj Mahal Architecture


Situated on the banks of river Yamuna, this building is a memorable site. Its architectural style is a unique fusion of components of Persian, Ottoman, Indian and Islamic architecture. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with this, it has been described as one of the best human works of worldwide heritage. The Taj Mahal has also been declared the jewel of Islamic art of India.


Story of becoming Taj Mahal


Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. Of all the Begum of Shah Jahan, the closest to her was Mumtaz Mahal. But Begum Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her fourteenth child, her fourteenth name was Gauhar Begum. Due to which Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was very hurt, because he used to love Begum Mumtaz Mahal without any reason. That is why he wanted to build some historical heritage in his memory, in which the Taj Mahal was built. Shah Jahan wanted the world to always remember Mumtaz and his love story.


History of Taj construction


The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632, which took a full 22 years to build. A council of architects from India, Persia, Central Asia and other countries had prepared a plan for the construction of this building. To build the Taj Mahal, an artisan was called from Baghdad who could carve curved letters on the stone. Similarly, the artisan called from Bukhara city, which is located in Central Asia, was skilled in carving flowers on marble stones. Daksha artisans residing in Istanbul, Turkey were called to build domes of great stature and Daksha artisans were summoned from Samarkand to build minarets.

Thus, in the 6 months prior to the construction of the Taj Mahal, skilled artisans were carved out of which 37 skilled artisans were assembled, under whose supervision 25000 laborers were employed. The contents of the Taj Mahal were brought from all over India and Central Asia. A fleet of 1000 elephants was assisted in bringing this material to the construction site. The central dome of the Taj Mahal is 187 feet high. The red sand stone of the Taj Mahal was brought from Fatehpur Sikri, Jasper from Punjab, Jade and Christal from China, Turkoish i.e. blue stone from Tibet, Lepis Lazuli and Sefair from Sri Lanka, coal from Arabia and diamonds from Cornelian and Panna. Similarly, the marble stone used in the construction of the Taj was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan. A total of 28 types of rare, valuable and semi-precious stones were used in the Taj Mahal etching at the Taj Mahal.

The construction of the Taj Mahal was finished around 1643, but still work was done for 10 years to enhance its beauty. The construction of the Taj Mahal was completed in about 1653 and it cost about 32 million rupees to build it at that time.


Architect who built Taj Mahal


Some of the builders of the Taj Mahal are prominent. Kelly Graffer of Taj Mahal was Amanat Khan Shiraji. The tombstone is written by poet Ghiyasuddin, while the Taj Mahal dome was built by Ismail Khan Afridi from Turkey. The superintendent of the Egyptians of the Taj Mahal was Muhammad Hanif. The architect of the Taj Mahal was named Ustad Ahmad Lahori.

There is also a well-known story behind the Taj Mahal, according to which the artisans who built the Taj Mahal had their hands cut by the artisans after the construction, so that no other Taj Mahal could be built. But fortunately these things are absolutely untrue. This is just a fake story, the Taj Mahal, a picture of supernatural beauty built of white stones on the banks of river Yamuna, has made its mark not only in India, but in the whole world.


Entrance Gates of Taj Mahal


The main entrance to the Taj Mahal is through the south gate. This entrance is 151 feet long and 117 feet wide and the height of this entrance is 100 feet. Tourists enter the main complex with small gates next to the main entrance. The main entrance to the Taj Mahal is made of red sandstone. This main gate is 30 meters high. Quranic verses in Arabic script are carved on this main gate. Above this main gate is a small Hindu-style dome-shaped pavilion and looks absolutely magnificent.



Mosque - Taj Mahal Mosque


A mosque made of red sand stone is to the left of the Taj Mahal. A common feature of Islamic religion is that a mosque is built near the tomb, as it gives that part a sanctity policy and place of worship. This mosque is still used for prayers.

Rabindranath Tagore wrote in his article, "The Tear-Drop on the Chick of Time", that at that time the Mughal era had described a lot of architecture, and put the great works of Indian history in front of the world. About 40-50 lakh people visit the Taj Mahal every year. In 2007, the Taj Mahal was included in 7 Wonders of the World. It is the result of Mughal Emperor's love and determination, the Taj Mahal is called the unsurpassed diamond of beauty. When you look at this building with your head up, its carved ceilings and walls are nothing short of a surprise.


Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal's tomb


The graves of both Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal are inside the Taj Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal tomb is placed in the middle of the Taj Mahal. Begum Mumtaz Mahal tomb made of large and white marble, her tomb is quite designed. According to Muslim tradition, the tomb is elaborately decorated, so the body of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz is buried in its comparatively simple, real graves with faces facing the right and Mecca. The tomb of Mumtaz Mahal is located in the inner chamber. The base of his tomb is about 55 meters. The base of his grave and the adornment form above are both studded with precious stones and gems. The calligraphy done on this is the recognition and appreciation of Mumtaz. Shah Jahan's tomb is on the south side of Mumtaz's tomb. It is said that drops of water fall on his grave during the first monsoon rains. There were many precious gems in the Taj Mahal, but the British took them out.


Do you know these interesting things about the Taj Mahal?


History, interesting facts and story of Taj Mahal


The construction of the Taj Mahal started in 1632, which was finished in 1653, thus it took 22 years to build the Taj Mahal.


Around 1500 elephants were used to move the material used to build the Taj Mahal.


The Taj Mahal objects are a mixture of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles.


The total height of the Taj Mahal is about 73m.


There is a tower in every corner of the Taj Mahal. These four minarets balance the tomb.


The four towers of the Taj Mahal are 41.6 tall. They have been tilted slightly towards the outside. So that this tower does not fall on the tomb on earthquake and any disaster.


The Taj Mahal appears in different colors at different times of the day, in the morning it looks a little pink and in the evening it looks white, and at night it looks a little golden. Changing colors of the logo means changing the mood (temperament) of women.


The best quality marble from Rajasthan, Russia, Chin, Tibet, Afghanistan was used to construct the Taj Mahal.


The Taj Mahal is surrounded by the Mahamohan Gardens and historic buildings, including the mosque and guest house, the Taj Mahal complex is spread over about 17 hectares of land.


The shadow of the towers around the Taj Mahal creates a different mirror-like image. People also consider it a miracle but many architectures have not been able to solve this puzzle.


The Taj Mahal is closed on Friday, and is opened only for prayers, there is also a mosque inside the Taj Mahal.


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